6 Achieve universal primary education
The achievement of universal primary education by 2015 seems to be doubtless, provided there will be appropriate measures taken towards this direction. More than 92% of school-age children are enrolled in general, primary and secondary vocational education. The graduation ratio is sharply reduced at each subsequent level: in primary school, enrolment is close to 100%, in basic school already at 83%, and in complete secondary education, it falls to 48%.
Poverty rates are generally higher in rural than in urban areas, but even so rural areas have a rapid decline in extreme poverty. This shows that economic growth in the country was directed towards poverty reduction. In general, until 2009, the high rate of economic growth was the first factor among the poverty reduction factors, with the remittances of migrant workers as the second factor.
Nevertheless, the decline in household income caused by the global financial crisis may suspend this downward trend in poverty reduction. Due to the economic downturn of 2008 – 2009, economic growth has been sluggish, and absolute volume of foreign remittances of migrant workers decreased.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG2
- Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
- Net enrolment ratio in primary education
- Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary
- Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men