UNDP’s Disaster Risk Management Programme
Disasters and Development in Tajikistan
Tajikistan faces frequent disasters, most linked to climate-related hazards, with earthquakes also posing a significant threat.
Industrialization and the development process are subjecting the country to new risks.
A foundation for effective risk governance exists but needs to be strengthened at the local and national levels.
The expanded integration of disaster risk reduction into policy discussions and operational tasks will yield significant benefits in reducing current risks and minimizing new risks in the future.
While current relief and recovery systems have evolved over the past six years, further work is needed to improve coordination, the predictability and transparency of the needs assessment and response processes and better integrate government and humanitarian assistance efforts.
UNDP use a decade of experience in disaster risk management in Tajikistan developed though the Disaster Risk Management Program to expand disaster risk management capacities while reducing the impact of the most dangerous disasters and anticipating new threats to the country.The “Disaster Risk Management Programme” of UNDP in Tajikistan is entering its fourth phase, and will cover a 5 year period (2016-2020).
Goals and Outcomes
The goals of these efforts is for Tajikistan to become more resilient to disaster risks, and particularly climate related risks, while reducing disaster-related suffering thought improvements in the disaster recovery process once.
These goals will be achieved by efforts in four areas:
1. Reducing risks of the most significant causes of death and damage (floods, avalanches and earthquakes) using a community driven approach with a strong risk governance component.
2. Addressing risks from emerging threats, with a focus on increased industrialization and legacy hazards through proactive risk management.
3. Incorporating DRR into the development process.
4. Improving the efficiency and impact of post disaster recovery including improved risk reduction.
Gender and Disasters in Tajikistan
In Tajikistan, gender break-downs of disaster impacts are not currently available. Based on risk and recovery assessments and community-based risk reduction work, it appears that avalanches more often affect men/boys than women/girls while mudflows tend to be the opposite, as is the case with earthquakes. This analysis draws on the predominant location of men/boys outside the home, with the opposite for women/girls, where homes tend to be more often affected by mudflows and earthquakes than avalanches.
For girls and boys of school age, the greatest risk outside the home comes from travel to and from school, and the need to cross streams and rivers.
The nation-wide risk assessment planned within the programme aids in better understanding the links between gender and disaster impacts and risk reduction.