Tajikistan Mine Action Programme
What is the Programme about?
The Tajikistan Mine Action Center coordinates all mine action related projects in the country in order to ensure Tajikistan’s compliance with the requirements under the Ottawa treaty, which was ratified by Tajikistan in 1999. Founded in 2003 with the support of the UNDP, the TMAC oversees Tajikistan’s efforts in the areas of demining operations, information management, mine risk education, as well as victim assistance. It is the country’s focal point for all implementing partners in the field, the Government of Tajikistan, as well as the international mine action community. TMAC functions effectively as a center of competence in mine action and ensures a proper exchange of knowledge among all mine action stakeholders operating within Tajikistan.
The project’s overall goal is to assist Tajikistan to eliminate the economic and health impact of mine/UXO in Tajikistan. Clearing mine/UXO contaminated areas increases access to valuable arable land and reduces poverty among rural communities. Alongside the mine/UXO clearance operations, the project also covers Mine Risk Education and Victim Assistance initiatives, which helped decrease the number of accidents and relieve the burden of living with disabilities. The project’s immediate objective is to create a sustainable national institution to plan and coordinate a comprehensive mine/UXO programme in Tajikistan.
The legal framework for the Tajikistan mine action programme rests on the following instruments: the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-Personnel (AP) Mines and on their Destruction from 18 September 1997 (the Ottawa Convention) and the Protocols II and V to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW)
Tajikistan acceded to the Ottawa Convention, also called the Mine Ban Treaty (MBT), on 12 October 1999, becoming a State Party on 1 April 2000. Tajikistan complied with the MBT Article 4 obligations by destroying all anti-personnel mine stockpiles before April 2004. Tajikistan complied with the Article 7 obligations by providing annual transparency reports to the Disarmament Affairs Department of the United Nations Office in Geneva (UNOG).
The Tajikistan Mine Action Centre was established as a result of the agreement between the UNDP and the Government and is responsible for the coordination, planning, regulation and monitoring of all mine action activities in Tajikistan. TMAC reports to the Commission for the Implementation of the International Humanitarian Law (CIIHL) that acts as the national mine action authority and is responsible for mainstreaming mine action in the Government’s socio-economic development policies. The Commission approves national strategies, adopts national standards, and reviews TMAC annual plans, budgets and reports. The institutional framework of the mine action programme in Tajikistan is considered consistent with what is generally recommended by international standards.
Accomplishments so far
Tajikistan has made considerable progress to address the threat landmines and explosive remnants of war pose. The overall casualty rate has declined significantly to less than 10 civilians per year. This is a combined result of demining and risk education. From about 65km² suspected to contain some explosive hazard, by the end of 2012, 45 km² were reduced after a thorough survey; more than 10 km² had to be physically cleared and released with the involvement of mine detecting dogs, manual demining and mechanical demining asset. This corresponds to a reduction of hazardous land by 85%. By the end of 2012, more than 27,000 landmines were removed and destroyed as well as more than 7,200 unexploded shells, grenades, bombs and cluster munition remnants. Nearly 32,000 cartridges (commonly known as ‘bullets’) were also destroyed. Risk education has reached communities in the affected areas and is particularly important along the Uzbek border, which is not yet demarcated and not marked. Victim assistance services have been made available to persons with disabilities, including mine victims and their families, through services provided by the UNDP, civil society organizations, the RCST and the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection. Assistance ranges from first aid to medical and rehabilitation support, for example, the provision of prosthetic limbs. It includes psychological and social services and attempts to promote full inclusion into normal life – for education, training, work, community life etc.
Who finances it?
UNDP/TRAC, UNMAS, DFAIT, BCPR, UNDP, Norway, Canada, OSCE, United States of America, Germany, Japan, United Kingdom, Australia, Switzerland, Sweden, Belgium
Delivery previous fiscal year (2012):
TRAC - $ 278,657.24
DFAIT Canada - $ 357,292.73
UNMAS Australia - $ 153,329
BCPR - $ 406,701.22
TOTAL $ 1,195,980.19