Climate Risk Management
What is the Programme about?
Current climate related stresses and projected climate changes result in significant social, economic and environmental risks in Tajikistan. The World Bank has identified Tajikistan as the country most vulnerable to climate risks among all European and Central Asian Countries. Economic losses associated with climate related disasters regularly exceed US$100 million annually and have been estimated as high as 7% of annual GDP over the period 2009-2012. Seventy percent of the population is dependent on agriculture which means they are particularly exposed to climate related natural disasters. More than 2.1 million people are classified as food insecure by the WFP, representing more than one third of the population. Projected rising temperatures and changes in rainfall and glacial melt patterns are likely to compound existing food security, energy security and poverty challenges. They also result in more frequent and severe climate related disasters (floods, landslides, and droughts). Many of these climate risks are compounded by poor governance and land management practices.
This project seeks to build coordinated capacity at a national, sub-national and local level to respond to climate risks. It seeks to synthesize the technical and economic basis for CRM interventions, demonstrate their efficacy, identify potential funding routes for scaling up, deliver capacity building for organizations and individuals, and catalyze learning for larger scale CRM development. Consideration will be given to gender issues and to local knowledge.
A number of CRM related initiatives are being undertaken in Tajikistan. However, most are being implemented on an ad hoc basis and with little concern for up-scaling or integration into national level policy. Few interventions take into consideration the complexities and multi-sectoral impacts of climate variability and change. As a result there is very little political traction for implementing proactive and integrated adaptation responses.
As a thematic focus, this project promotes the development of productive agro-forestry as a response to climate risk. This involves establishing models to support sustainable forest management, and encourage reforestation of previously deforested land in mountainous regions. The project explores the important linkages between agro-forestry and disaster risk reduction (land stabilization and river bank management), improved water management in agriculture (water rights, water conservation techniques), and livestock management (land access and grazing rights). It also incorporates linkages to biodiversity considerations, and the potential use of resilient indigenous cropping varieties.
In geographic terms, while focusing primarily on national level capabilities, the program will use the foothills of Gissar valley, as a pilot region for implementation of CRM interventions and financing structures at the local level.
 CIA World Fact book: Tajikistan. https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/print/ti.html (accessed in May 2013).
Outcome 1: Improved enabling environment for CRM at systemic, institutional and individual levels.
Outcome 2: Sustainable productive agro-forestry CRM tools, financing and implementation models demonstrated in the Gissar river basin.
Outcome 3: Knowledge on how to incorporate climate variability and change knowledge and risks into development processes at local, sub-national and national level disseminated.
Outcome 4: Scaling up of effective management planning in protected areas of Tajikistan implemented
Accomplishments so far
- Law on Pastures has been adopted by the Government of Tajikistan in January 2013.
- Established Climate Related Disaster Risk Management Fun.
- Mobilized Four Jamoat Resource Centers.
- Documented 68 Best Practices on community based climate risk management.
- Developed and implemented management plans for protected areas in Tajikistan.
Who finances it?
Delivery in previous fiscal year