GEF Small Grants Programme
What is the Project about?
The Small Grants Programme of the Global Environment Facility (GEF SGP) is a global initiative and is designed to support local communities who wish to contribute to solving global environmental problems. The programme provides small grants for projects carried out by representatives of local communities, initiatives that are local in scale, but able to make a positive global impact. It encourages community initiatives aimed at improving the situation in these areas. GEF SGP implements a number of demonstration projects with a view to further expansion and advancement of proven technologies. To act on a local level through the civil society and local communities is a very important component of the strategy of the GEF 20/20 (including an appeal to all stakeholders to work together to bring the benefits of the global environment and contribute to the UNDP strategic plan, as well as focus on sustainable development).
Project goals and objectives
The programme provides grants of up to $50,000 directly to local communities including indigenous people, community-based organizations and other non-governmental groups for projects in Biodiversity, Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Land Degradation and Sustainable Forest Management, International Waters and Chemicals. The Goal of the SGP is to promote the improvement of global natural environment via implementation, by means of local people, of local initiatives designated to preserve and restore the environment by implementing and replicating sustainable natural resources management practices that improve people’s livelihoods. A world-famous phrase is chosen to serve as the GEF SGP motto in our country – THINK GLOBALLY – ACT LOCALLY!!
Biodiversity conservation. Preserved and are being used sustainably globally significant ecosystems and their endemic and / or endangered biodiversity; Reduce pressure on ecosystems and habitats of important species from the activities of the local population.
Mitigation of climate change (mitigation and adaptation). The local population is aware of the adverse effects of climate change and the opportunities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the use of energy efficient technologies and renewable energy sources. Reduce emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere from energy use by the local population, and to prepare the most vulnerable groups of the population to the upcoming climate change consequences;
Protection of the quality of international waters. Local agricultural sources of water pollution are reduced and / or eliminated.
Combating land degradation. Improving land management and sustainable use of natural resources for the management and distribution of these improvements. To restore previously degraded land in rural areas for the purpose of conservation and sustainable use.
Reduction of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The local population in the project areas is aware of POPs, and their use in agriculture was minimized / or reduced in comparison with the existing situation, as well as reduction of persistent organic pollutants and chemicals.
Achievement so far
- UNDP/GEF SGP in Tajikistan has been operating since 2009. The first memorandum with grantees were signed in September 2010. To date, the GEF / SGP Tajikistan allocated more than US$ 1,184,171 through 48 grants to community-based organizations and NGOs all over the country with an average size of grant support about US$ 25,000. Following the terms of co-financing, the SGP has provided the appropriate co-financing in the amount of US$ 1,458,157 for the period from 2009 to 2015. During the work process the Programme has implemented various initiatives at the local level and contributed to the global environmental benefits for the environment. In the framework of OP 5 UNDP-GEF SGP in Tajikistan has been established the international cooperation, and financed a number of activities to address five key problems, seriously threatening the global environment, to achieve the objectives of the Rio Conventions.
- The GEF SGP on biodiversity conservation provides support in strengthening the capacity building of 3 protected areas: Almasin, Zarafshan, Ramit located in Hissar ridge, where had a positive impact on 6,000 hectares, enhanced a conservation status of 300 hectares of significant ecosystems, as well as provided support to the local communities in issues of measures development in order to reduce deforestation, support the effective management of protected areas, the expansion of best practices for sustainable land management, promotion of renewable energy technologies and sustainable agricultural practices.
- As part of measures to combat land degradation in the project areas of Southern Tajikistan, it was planted more than 200,000 trees in Khatlon region, which contributed to the reduction of land degradation and improve the environmental situation of project areas. By planting trees saved more than 43 million cubic meters of irrigation water, which helped to prevent secondary soil salinization in many areas.
- In remote rural areas of Sughd, Khatlon and Rasht more than 100,000 people living in rural areas were involved in the initiatives of the SGP, 22, 000 from them are the direct beneficiaries of the project activities. Among other good results can be mentioned promotion the conservation of soil and water resources on an area of over 25,000 hectares, most of which are located on the territory of protected areas.
- Within the framework of climate change activities through the integration of low-carbon technologies were prevented emissions of 50 tonnes of CO² into the atmosphere and took measures for the energy generation from renewable sources (small hydroelectric power station, biomass, solar energy, etc.). Applied the practice of using low-carbon technologies and measures to ensure the energy saving (applicable to the industrial and construction sectors, space heating, cooking, etc.)
- As part of measures to combat land degradation (LD) and sustainable forest management (SFM) restored 200 hectares of degraded land in southern Khatlon province, where the practice of sustainable forestry, agriculture, and the practice of sustainable management of water resources were provided. The result was achieved by planting fruit trees and pistachio plantations.
- Under the projects on persistent organic pollutants, implemented in the pilot areas, there were used alternative methods of disposal, thereby prevented the burning and recycling of 0.5 tons of municipal solid waste. Due to the disposal of 500 kg of obsolete pesticides that had been made properly, also prevented the leakage of 500 kg of harmful chemicals into the environment.
- Another important aspect of the program is livelihood supporting, empowering local communities, in which were attended by over 50 members of communities in the target areas. Under these initiatives, the following results were achieved: a period of food shortage was reduced by 30 days; a duration of the school working days was increased by 30 days; 20 households gained access to clean drinking water; increased the community purchasing power by reducing costs, increased revenues ($ 150 per 1 household, participating in the UNDP-GEF SGP projects).
- Committee of Environmental Protection under the Government of Tajikistan;
- National Center on Biodiversity and Biosafety;
- State Agency on Hydrometeorology;
- State Agency on Forest and Protected Areas;
- Ministry of Agriculture;
- Ministry of Energy and Water Resources;
- Civil Society Organizations;
- Association of Peasant Farmers;
- Private Entrepreneurs and SME;