Initial Implementation of Accelerated HCFC Phase out in the CEIT Region

What is the Project about?

The project is a follow up to the GEF regional HCFC MSP project, which helped develop detailed survey data on HCFCs in CEITs and full HCFC phase-out strategies were developed to meet the compliance targets. Overall, the project deals with hydro-chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), a group of ozone-depleting chemicals, which are used in a variety of applications such as refrigerants, foam-blowing agents, solvents, fire extinguishers and aerosols.

The project builds on past CFC phase-out efforts and recent preparatory activities, and is entitled “Initial HCFC Phase Out Implementation in the CEIT Region”[1]. This GEF Full Scale Project (FSP) is of a regional character. It represents a package of technical assistance to help the country address HCFC related challenges and is a response to the obligations incurred by Tajikistan under the phase out schedule for HCFCs of the Montreal Protocol, as amended by the Copenhagen amendment and the subsequent adjustment adopted by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol at MOP 19 in September 2007. Respectively, it is a timely capacity building effort (with investment elements for the servicing sector) that is well placed to improve regulatory measures to help address the accelerated HCFC phase-out in the medium and longer terms, and to strengthen the country’s preparedness for the complete phase-out of HCFCs from their current use.

Project goals and objectives

The project is a response to the obligations incurred by Tajikistan under the phase out schedule for HCFCs of the Montreal Protocol. It was a timely capacity building effort (with investment elements for the servicing sector) that is designed to improve regulatory measures to help address the accelerated HCFC phase-out in the medium and longer term, and to strengthen the country’s preparedness for the complete phase-out of HCFCs from current use.

HCFCs, a group of ozone-depleting chemicals, are used in a variety of applications such as refrigerants, foam-blowing agents, solvents, fire extinguishers and aerosols. In some cases HCFCs have replaced Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) use due to their lower ozone depleting potential (ODP).  The use of HCFCs is controlled by the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Montreal protocol). 

Project Outcomes



  • Reduction of ODP tons annually (308 MT) of HCFCs (manufacturing and servicing) for period of 2011-2014 is planned by the project – and (2) sustaining the capacities not to increase HCFC consumption in future due to latent demand resulting from increased servicing;
  • Strengthened institutional capacities to improve decision-making related to HCFC phase-out approaches and to exercise effective regulatory controls over the end use and import of HCFCs and HCFC based equipment. This will be achieved through regional experience exchange with other Parties to the Montreal Protocol from the region, improvements in the current legislation as well as through building capacities of environmental inspectors to monitor and control HCFC end use and of Customs to detect HCFCs/blends/equipment at the entry points and enforce regulatory measures as required by the law;
  • Resulting enhanced knowledge base in terms of information management and technical capacity to sustain planning, decision making and program execution related to HCFC phase-out, as well as engage in effective information exchange nationally and globally;
  • Technological conversions in the manufacturing sector with selection of low GWP technologies such as methyl formate, methylal/water, carbon dioxide, c-pentane;
  • Improved Recovery/Recycling/Reclaim infrastructure to help strengthen the HCFC re-use scheme in to minimize the need for HCFC import and reduce HCFC emissions into the atmosphere;
  • Strengthened unwanted ODS waste storage capacity at the level of service centers in support of HCFC re-use scheme and to capture unusable quantities of HCFCs and unrecognizable blends containing HCFCs;
  • Pilot destruction demonstration projects aiming to destroy unusable and/or contaminated/unrecognizable blends.
  • Demonstration of strong synergies between the ozone layer depletion (HCFC phase-out) and climate change benefits (reduced HCFC emissions and energy-savings) when piloting alternative technologies retrofits/replacement (and natural cooling technologies) in the refrigeration and A/C sectors and testing the system of HCFC re-use/unwanted ODS storage;
  • Creating a high level of awareness by policy makers, stakeholders and the public on the need for HCFC phase-out, which will stimulate sustained attention to the issue and timely responses;  

Achievements so far

  • Created and effectively functioning inter-Ministerial group under the Committee on environment protection under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan;
  • Supported the CoEP in development and endorsement of HCFC National Strategy – link http://hifzitabiat.tj/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/ORV.pdf
  • Showcasing the results of the natural cooling and upgrading equipment pilot projects’ implementation that allows to reduced the use of energy by more than 60% and therefore contributes to decreasing of the GHG emissions were implemented.
  • Tajikistan has completed its target obligation within the Montreal Protocol
  • The capacity of the customs service in the field of prevention of illegal imports of ODS into the country is strengthened by effective implementation of the approved program for the customs officers in the fields of ODS
  • Annually certification of 480 technicians in the field of refrigerator equipment and conditioning systems in Tajikistan
  • Two training centers were created
  • 22 sets of specialized laboratory equipment was provided for analysis and identification of ODS at the Customs service check-points
  • Two mobile laboratories for analysis and identification of smuggling of ODS provided to the Customs Service
  • Refrigeration technicians were provided with specialized equipment for recovery and recycling of ODS
  • Four technical centers for recovery and recycling of ODS were created (2 in Dushanbe, 1 in Sogd, 1 in Khatlon)
  • Natural cooling demo-projects were implemented. This technology allows for phasing out of equipment, which contains ODS and is energy efficient (it reduced the use of energy by more than 60% and therefore contributes to decreasing of the GHG emissions

Project partners

  • Committee of Environmental Protection under the Government of Tajikistan;
  • National Ozone Center;
  • Custom Service under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan;
  • Ministry of Labor, Migration  and Employment of Republic of Tajikistan;
  • Ministry of Education of RT;
  • State agency of Statistic under the President of RT;
  • Agency of standardization meteorology and certification of RT;
  •  Tajik Engineering college;
  • Association “Center of artificial cold”;
  • Private Sector  (сервис центры, ЧП).

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