Tajikistan Water Supply and Sanitation (Phase II)

What is the Project about?

The ‘Tajikistan Water Supply and Sanitation’ (TaJWSS) project is funded by SDC and implemented by Oxfam in Tajikistan, in partnership with UNDP Tajikistan, for the period 2014-2018.'

TajWSS project seeks to improve access to safe drinking water and sanitation in rural areas by improving the sustainability of the water and sanitation sector. Given the sustainability problems within the sector, focusing on the delivery of physical infrastructure alone will not improve access to water and sanitation in the long-term. Instead, the project uses a ‘Service Delivery’ approach that addresses the institutional and policy environment as well as working with consumers and implementing agencies. UNDP’s specific role in the project is to strengthen policy development and reform at the national level in the sphere of drinking water supply and sanitation management and governance in Tajikistan. UNDP will enable this through providing support to the government, through the Inter-Ministerial Coordination Council (IMCC) on drinking water supply and alongside the TajWSS Network of Stakeholders in the development of legislative frameworks and institutional strengthening. Further to support the policy and governance initiatives at the national level, UNDP will extend to pilot model approach interventions at the district level bridging the policy and governance interventions at the rural setting. While Oxfam GB will scale-up interventions in districts of Muminobad and Rudaki, UNDP will follow similar approach in one new district selected through Network of Stakeholders following agreed set of criteria.

Project goals and objectives

Goal: To contribute to the creation of an enabling environment for the sustainable provision of safe drinking water and sanitation in rural Tajikistan.


  • An enabling legislative framework and policy environment for the investment, operation and regulation of rural drinking water and sanitation systems at national level is established
  • Effective, transparent and streamlined processes and mechanisms are in place and implemented at the district level for the investment, operation and regulation of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation systems in the project targeted districts
  • 6,560 people (3,261 men and 3,299 women) from Dahana and Ziraki Jamoats of Kulob district have improved health with a reduction of water borne diseases and saved time by having access to safe drinking water;
  • Both women and men in rural communities of Kulob district have the knowledge and capacity to act to increase and safeguard their access to safe drinking water and sanitation, thereby promoting gender equality. 270 women are reached by the campaigns, and 10 monitoring specialist (at least 8 women) are trained on social accountability and monitoring tools
  • To create employment for 10 people (system operators) under constructed 3 WSSs in Kulob district;  20 women are provided with self-employment on promoting water efficiency and sanitation in rural areas (270 women covered by TOT).  

Project expected results

National Policy and Legal Framework: Results and on-going Plans

  • Law on Drinking Water was adopted in 2010.  In 2017, the amendments into this law is essential to be introduced, so to be aligned with National Reforms. Leads to: future harmonization with legislative framework of  water sector reform program 2016-2025 (water code, law on WUAs etc), elimination of contradiction in legislative norms and regulations of drinking water subsector, addition to Drinking Water Law specific points on sewerage, which is integral part of sanitation;
  • Review of Sanitation of Policies and Practices of Republic of Tajikistan (MEWR, Ministry of Health, SES, KMK, KEP, State Centre on Health and etc.). Leads to:  assessment of existing policy and legislation on sanitation, analysis of state institutions practice on sanitation, identification of problems and recommendations in sanitation subsector.
  • Tariff policy development.  Tariff Calculation Methodology developed and presented to all key stakeholders (AMA, TWG, Tajik-Norwegian Centre, MEWR, KMK, Development Partners).  Leads to: Justified Tariff setting and Full Cost-Recovery of the DWS, Transparency & Accountability, Improve Water Supply Service, and so on;
  • Development Standards and Norms on Construction of rural Drinking Water Supply Systems together with Agency of Architecture and Construction under GoT is under process.  Leads to: i) reduction of construction costs, ii) sustainable operation and maintenance of the system;
  • Tax policy development.  Review and Development of recommendations for introduction of affordable and fair Tax for rural drinking water supply systems. Leads to: improvement of tax policy and financial stability of rural drinking water supplier and owners;  
  • A comparative policy analysis: legislative, institutional, and economic perspectives of effective business models in organization of drinking water supply and sanitation services in rural Tajikistan.  (BM are: State, private sector,  and community)
  • Analysis of aspects of ownership rights to drinking water supply and sanitation systems and possibilities of organizing their effective management (State, private sector, NGO, CBO, etc.);
  •  Analysis on state of demonopolization and private sector involvement for drinking water supply and sanitation sector in Tajikistan (public-private-partnership, LLC, Stake-Action Company, Cooperative, etc.).

Capacity Building and Practices

  • Study tour to Armenia was organized on  Consumer rights protection mechanisms and rights-based state regulation for drinking water supply and sanitation sector in Armenia: Best Practices, Lessons Learned, and New Approaches; training of trainers was organized in Almaty on alternative dispute resolution (20 people from Majlisi Namoyandagon, MEWR, AMA, Khujandvodokanal, Dushanbevodokanal, Consumer Union, OXFAM, UNDP,  KMK, Hukumat of  Soughd Oblast);
  • Public Advisory Councils under Khujandvodokanal and Dushanbevodokanal ;
  • Water Trust Fund (WTF) was established under the Local Executive Branch of State Power of Kulob City in order to accumulate of financial resources (In total 17 contracts had been concluded through the Trust Fund Obi Dehot, and cumulative value of commitments is estimated at 1,936,620.92 TJS (USD 299,880.62)
  • Construction of drinking water supply system currently is ongoing in M. Gafarov village of Ziraki Jamoat through the funds raised by WTF in Kulyab city.
  • Construction of drinking water supply system currently is ongoing in S. Shamsov (Kalot) and Fayzobod villages of Dahana Jamoat, Kulyab district;
  • Construction of drinking water supply system in Taniyol village, Dahana Jamoat of Kulyab district is finished; 

Project partners

At the policy level, UNDP intends to closely interact with government counterparts, with the pivotal role of the new Ministry of Energy and Water Resources (MEWR). Other partners to be engaged will include:

  • Parliament of the Republic of Tajikistan;
  • Ministry of Health of the RT and its affiliate Sanitary Epidemiological Service;
  • Antimonopoly Agency under the Government of the RT;
  • State Committee for Investment and State Property Management;
  • Agency for Construction and Architecture under the Government of the RT;
  • State Unitary Enterprise “Khojagii Manziliyu Kommunali”;
  • Committee for Environmental Protection under the Government of the RT;
  • Ministry of Finance of the RT;
  • Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the RT;
  • Agency on standardization, metrology and certification under the Government of the RT;
  • Committee on emergency situation and civil defense under the Government of the RT;
  • Agency on Geology under the Government of the RT;

Oblast and district level authorities (Hukumats, Jamoats).

Who finances it?

With financial support of SDC, OXFAM GB is implemented TAJWSS project in partnership with UNDP Tajikistan.

Total UNDP project budget: USD 1,470,000

OXFAM (SDC) financial contribution: USD 1,100,000

UNDP co-funded (TRAC): USD 120,000

SIWI – Goal WASH co-financed: USD 250,000 (Human Rights Based Approach)

Delivery in previous fiscal year

USD 751.443

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