Technology transfer and market development for SHP in Tajikistan

What is the Project about?

The project aimed to initiate UNDP Tajikistan’s strategy – the scaling up of pilot activities for the acceleration of progress towards the achievement of MDGs with a particular focus on improving access to renewable energy in rural regions for the purpose of poverty reduction and triggering economic development. Its conceptualization falls within the frame of the Poverty Reduction Strategy III and National Development Strategy, which have been recognized to have no focus on promoting use of abundant renewable potential for poverty reduction, development and building environmental resilience.

The project will significantly accelerate the development of small-scale hydropower (SHP) generation in Tajikistan by removing barriers through enabling legal and regulatory framework, capacity building and developing sustainable delivery models, thus substantially avoiding the use of conventional biomass and fossil fuels for power and other energy needs. The project will do this by introducing a regulatory framework to supply the grid with electricity generated SHP through sustainable delivery models and financing mechanisms and assist the Government in attracting funding for SHP investments.

Project objectives and goals

The Project objective is to accelerate the development of small-scale hydropower (SHP) through:

  • removing barriers towards an enabling legal and regulatory framework.  This would include the adaptation of an enhanced legislative and regulatory framework for SHP development in the country;
  • capacity building of local technicians on technical and planning knowledge and the operation and maintenance of SHP facilities that would facilitate development of an SHP market supply and technical support chain in Tajikistan;
  • developing sustainable delivery models for scaling up the development of renewable energy in Tajikistan, thus improving the confidence of technical and economic viability of integrated SHP-based rural development models, and substantially avoiding the use of conventional biomass and fossil fuels for power and other energy needs; and
  • development of a National Scaling-up Programme of Renewable Energy-based Integrated Rural Development.

Project Outcomes

  • Adapted and enhanced legislative and regulatory framework for small-scale hydropower development in the country;
  • Formulated, approved and enforced implementing rules and regulations (IRRs) of the new Law for RES that will facilitate actions geared towards the enhancement of the market environment for SHP;
  • Central and local government institutions with enhanced capacities to develop and coordinate SHP projects;
  • Enhanced technical and planning know-how and developed market chain for SHP in Tajikistan
  • Guidebook on technical and policy aspects of SHP project development (to be used in all trainings to be delivered by the project)
  • Local workshops and manufacturers with enhanced capacities to install, construct, manufacture and repair SHP system equipment and components
  • Vocational training program for technicians involved in SHP design/ construction and O&M
  • Local manufacturers capable of producing combined electric and biomass-fired heating and cooking devices for rural households
  • Improved confidence on the technical and economic viability of integrated SHP-based rural development model;
  • Technical studies, political commitments and institutional framework secured for pilot SHP projects
  • Operational SHP demos/pilots in selected communities, demonstrating the viability of the technology and O&M&M models
  • Pilot SHP operations sustained
  • National Scaling-up Programme of Renewable Energy-based Integrated Rural Development
  • Project results assessed, analyzed and compiled into comprehensive national report
  • Knowledge sharing products developed on best practices
  • Approved and funded proposal for national scaling up of the SHP demos/pilots

Achieved so far

  • Legislative basis in support to the development of small hydropower in the country is in place. The law on “Energy efficiency and energy saving” is formulated and to be adopted in 2013 the main provision of which is the establishment of the national RES and EE Trust Fund.
  • Power purchase agreement for buying electricity by the national energy monopolist “Barki Tojik” from individual power producer is signed. This pioneer initiative creates precedent for the future individual power producers for selling their excess power to the national electricity grid.
  • Three strategic documents on RES and EE prepared by the project and endorsed by the Ministry of Energy and Industry. The documents provide strategic guidance on the use and scaling up RES and EE for the country.
  • The integrated rural development (IRD) model based on mini hydropower plant is successfully accomplished.
  • Prefeasibility and feasibility studies to identify potential areas for the construction of mHPPs are initiated in Khatlon, Rasht and Sughd oblasts.
  • The “National Programme for Development of Renewable Energy Sources and Construction of Small Hydropower Plants for 2016 -2020” is prepared and adopted by the Government in December 2015
  • Cadaster for SHPPs has been developed and to be made available on the Ministry’s website once the website is back to operation.
  • A monitoring matrix of SHPPs has been developed and endorsed by the Ministry. Barki Tojik is tasked to use the matrix for monitoring SHPPs construction.
  • Clearance for the establishment of the National trust Fund from the line ministries, members of the interagency working group under the Ministry of EWR, is provided. The package of documents which include the revised charter of the Fund, resolution of the ministries and the letter to the Government on establishment of the Fund is submitted.
  • Production of the turbines for Ayni, Gharm, Jilikul and Shurobod are on-going. The progress of the manufacturing works is estimated at 65%.
  • Capacities of the local manufacturers in production of the small hydropower equipment are improved through the on job-trainings on welding. An international welding expert was invited to provide the on-job trainings.
  • The courses on SHP at the Technical Universities are on-going annually training 100 students.
  • Technology transfer continues. Three out of four turbines are 100% ready.
  • 200 energy efficient cook-stoves have been delivered and distributed in 6 locations. The results and efficiency of the stoves will be assessed in March 2016.

Project partners

Ministry of Energy and Water Resources, Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, Barqi Tojik, Jamoat Authorities, Jamoat Resource Centers, District Electrical Network enterprise, District Hukumat, Energy Inspectorate Department, Project Design Institutes, District and Regional Water Management departments, Maintenance enterprises of Barqi Tojik, Equipment providers, Construction companies, communities, NGOs, local training providers, etc.

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