Globally, UNDP advocates for nationally owned solutions to reduce poverty and promote human development. It connects countries to global good practices and resources, advocates for innovative approaches, empowers women, and brings governments and civil society together to coordinate their efforts.
In Tajikistan, UNDP contributes to poverty reduction and living standards improvement by working on formulation of the country development policies both at the national and local levels. At the national level, UNDP and other UN agencies are active in supporting the Government of Tajikistan to align its development strategies with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). At the local level, UNDP supports implementation of national development priorities mainly through its Communities Programme (CP). The Programme builds on the strategic priorities of the country and outlines specific areas of development assistance intended to support the Government including advancing economic and institutional reforms while fostering civil society participation.
What is Communities Programme about?
Improving living standards and quality of life in Tajikistan requires a concentrated effort from both the highest levels of government to the community level. Building on its well-established Reconstruction Rehabilitation and Development Programme, UNDP launched its community-driven programme (the CP) in 2004 to ensure sustainable and inclusive economic growth, strengthen livelihood capacities and employable skills for the population of rural and remote districts with high level of poverty. The mission of UNDP CP is to support livelihood improvement efforts of the Government of Tajikistan through enhancing local governance and creating conditions for sustainable local economic development. The CP’s operations on the ground are implemented through its five Area Offices (AO) located in Sughd (Khujand and Ayni) and Khatlon (Shaartuz and Kulyab) regions, as well as in Rasht Valley.
The Programme’s portfolio is US$14.1 million (for 2018-2022) and the following projects are implemented by the Communities Programme:
· Livelihood Improvement in Tajik– Afghan Cross-border Areas (LITACA): The Project is funded by the Government of Japan through JICA at the total amount of US$ 3.8 million with the duration of January 2018 – December 2020. The Project is implemented in both sides of the Tajik-Afghan border and aims at promoting security and stability in the region through reducing poverty, supporting economic development and promoting cross-border collaboration between the communities along the Tajik-Afghan border;
· Promotion of social and economic opportunities for women and youth in Zerafshan Valley of Tajikistan: The Project is funded by the Government of the Russian Federation at the amount of US$ 1.7 million with the duration of July 2017- December 2019. Target districts of the Projects are Ayni and Kuhistoni Mastchoh of Sughd Region. The Project aims to enhance welfare and economic resilience of Zerafshan Valley population.
· Health System Strengthening: The Project is funded by Gavi Alliance at the total amount US$3,6 million with the duration of 2017-2022. This is a joint Project of UNDP, UNICEF, WHO and Ministry of Health and Social Protection of Population of Tajikistan. The main objective of the joint project is to strengthen health system and improve immunization service system among targeted population.
· Innovative solutions for nationalizing and localizing SDGs and economic empowerment of women, youth and PWD: The Project is funded by Government of Norway at the amount of US$1,1 million with the duration January 2018 – December 2019. The Project aims at enabling development stakeholders at national and local levels, including governmental institutions, community-based organizations and private sector to effectively plan, monitor and implement sustainable and inclusive development strategies in the context of Agenda 2030.
· Cross-border Cooperation for Sustainable Peace and Development: The Project is funded by United Nations Peace Building Support Office/ Peace Building Fund at the amount of US$1 million with duration 2018– June 2019. The Project is implemented by a group of UN Agencies (UNDP, WFP, UNICEF, UN-Women and FAO). The Project aims to increase cooperation and trust between communities of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan to mitigate risks of renewed violence.
· Wider Europe: Aid for Trade for Central Asia (Phase III), Tajikistan: The Project is financed by the Government of Finland at the amount of US$2.9 million, with the duration of February 2014 - June 2018. The Project supports inclusive growth by promoting trade and economic competitiveness of local entrepreneurs and supports the country’s efforts to reduce poverty;
a) support for broad-based economic growth by increasing productivity in agriculture, realizing export potential in energy, improving connectivity in transport, and strengthening other physical infrastructure required to enable growth;
b) support for human development by enhancing education and health and by addressing vulnerability through improved social protection;
c) support for good governance by reforming public administration (including the civil service and wages) and public financial management, promoting private and financial sector development, and strengthening the rule of law.
Accomplishments so far
- CP reaches 2/3 of the country;
- Contributed to elaboration of the National Development Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period 2016-2030 and Mid-term Development Programme of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period 2016-2020;
- Assisted Ministry of Economic Development and Trade in introducing local development policies - District Development Programme’s methodology that led to empowerment of local authorities in designing and implementation of their district development priorities. Trade Development Programme of Khatlon Region for the period 2016-2018;
- 67 districts, GBAO, Sughd and Khatlon Regions have elaborated their District Development Programmes;
- As of 2016 UNDP Tajikistan started implementation of the new Country Program Document 2016-2020. Following the new theory of change for sustainable and inclusive economic growth, CP continued with its effort to strengthen livelihood capacities and employable skills for the population of rural and remote districts with high level of poverty;
- The concept of Trust Fund Mechanism was introduced for channeling various resources (state and non-state) for addressing the local priorities. Within two years, this mechanism was adopted in Sughd region and Rasht Valley which resulted to mobilizing around US$4,5 million;
- 10 platforms on Public and Private Dialogue were established countrywide;
- Through its initiatives in five Area Offices in Sughd and Khatlon oblasts and Rasht valley CP contributed to improving livelihoods and human security of more than 169,854 people (90,322 women) through 30 infrastructure sub-projects and creating of 1535 full-time jobs including 1311 for women (1209/1138 through agricultural and value chain activities, 451/210 through micro-credits);
- The achievements were made possible due to coherent approach based on linking the good governance practices with local economic initiatives and matching local businesses with micro-finance and vocational training’ beneficiaries: for example, 2519 microcredits (including 1035 women), improved professional skills of 938 people (233 of women), enhanced operational capacities of farmer associations and increased income-generating opportunities for rural people;
- CP services continuously utilized as delivery mechanism for other UNDP programmes such as Disaster Risk Management Programme (DRMP) and Energy and Environment Programme (EEP)
Our valuable and trustworthy partners
Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, Ministry of Health and Social Protection of Population of Tajikistan, Ministry of Energy and Water Resources, Ministry of Finance, the Parliament, Committee on Environmental Protection, Committee for Women and Family, Committee on Emergency Situations, Committee on Local Development, Committee on Investments and State Property Management, Agency on Statistics, regional and district authorities, Chamber of Commerce and Industry, civil society, national and local business association, and international community. The CP also works closely with the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development of Afghanistan, UNDP Kyrgyzstan, and UNDP Afghanistan.