Globally, UNDP advocates for nationally owned solutions to reduce poverty and promote human development. It connects countries to global good practices and resources, advocates for innovative approaches, empowers women, and brings governments and civil society together to coordinate their efforts.
In Tajikistan, UNDP contributes to poverty reduction and living standards improvement by working on formulation of the country development policies both at the national and local levels. At the national level, UNDP and other UN agencies have been active in supporting the Government of Tajikistan to align its development strategies with the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). At the local level, UNDP supports implementation of national development priorities mainly through its Communities Programme (CP). The Programme builds on the strategic priorities of the country and outlines specific areas of development assistance intended to support the Government including advancing economic and institutional reforms while fostering civil society participation.
What is Communities Programme about?
Improving living standards and quality of life in Tajikistan requires a concentrated effort from both the highest levels of government to the community level. Building on its well-established Reconstruction Rehabilitation and Development Programme, UNDP launched its community-driven programme (the CP) in 2004 to ensure sustainable development of the most marginalized communities throughout the country. It demonstrated programming transition from a predominantly humanitarian and stabilization-focused programme to one that emphasizes sustaining long-term change in the economic and social conditions at the community level. The mission of UNDP CP is to support poverty reduction efforts of the Government of Tajikistan through improving local governance and creating conditions for sustainable local economic development. The CP’s operations on the ground are implemented through its five Area Offices located in Sughd (Khujand and Aini) and Khatlon (Shartuuz and Kulyab) regions, as well as in Rasht city.
The Programme’s portfolio is US$23.2 million (for 2014-2017) and the following projects are implemented by the Communities Programme:
- Livelihood Improvement in Tajik– Afghan Cross-border Areas (LITACA): The Project is funded by the Government of Japan through JICA at the total amount of US$ 10.7million with the duration of March 2014 - March 2017. The Project is implemented in both sides of the Tajik-Afghan border and aims at promoting security and stability in the region through reducing poverty, supporting economic development and promoting cross-border collaboration between the communities along the Tajik-Afghan border;
- Livelihood Improvement of Rural Population in Nine Districts of Tajikistan. The Project is financed by the Government of Russian Federation at the amount of US$ 6.7 million with the duration of November 2014 - October 2017. The Project covers Sughd and Khatlon regions as well as Districts of Republican Subordination. The overall goal of the Project is to improve the livelihood of one million rural population;
- Empowering Rural Communities with Better Livelihood and Social Protection: This is a joint programme of UN agencies - UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, UN Women and WFP in which UNDP acts as the lead agency. The Project is financed by the UN Trust Fund for Human Security, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and the respective UN agencies. The total amount of the Project is US$3.5 million with the duration of July 2013 - June 2016. The Project covers five districts of Rasht Valley and ensures complementarities and synergies between the UN agencies;
- Wider Europe: Aid for Trade for Central Asia (Phase III), Tajikistan: The Project is financed by the Government of Finland at the amount of US$2.9 million, with the duration of February 2014 - February 2018. The Project supports inclusive growth by promoting trade and economic competitiveness of local entrepreneurs and supports the country’s efforts to reduce poverty;
- Project to Support Effective National Aid Coordination And Monitoring of national development and living standards improvement strategies. The Project is financed by the UK Department for International Development (DfID) at the amount of US$1.7 million, consisting of components in support of aid coordination and monitoring of national strategies. The CP covers the second component with the sub-budget of US$719,991 and duration of October 2013 - July 2015. The Project enhances the capacity of relevant ministries and their personnel, while supporting to establish linkages between national (e.g., National Development Strategy) and local level development (e.g., District Development Programmes) priorities;
- The Project for strengthening conflict mitigation and prevention capacities in Tajik-Kyrgyz cross-border areas. The Project is funded by UNDP’s Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS) at the amount of US$582,500 with the duration of October 2014 - September 2015. The mirror image of the Project is implemented in the Kyrgyz side by UNDP Kyrgyzstan. The offices jointly ensure that the needs of Tajik and Kyrgyz ethnic groups are heard and the ways of solving the issues are discussed among themselves to promote good neighbourhood relations;
- Tajikistan Poverty and Environment Initiative (PEI) Phase II. The Project budget is US$1.1 million with a duration of January 2014 - December 2017. It is part of a global UNEP-UNDP programme. It aims to reduce poverty, preserve ecosystems and promote security that help poor people to improve their livelihoods. It promotes pro-poor economic growth, with environmental sustainability embedded at the heart of economic policies, planning systems and institutions.
a) support for broad-based economic growth by increasing productivity in agriculture, realizing export potential in energy, improving connectivity in transport, and strengthening other physical infrastructure required to enable growth;
b) support for human development by enhancing education and health and by addressing vulnerability through improved social protection;
c) support for good governance by reforming public administration (including the civil service and wages) and public financial management, promoting private and financial sector development, and strengthening the rule of law.
Accomplishments so far
- CP reaches 2/3 of the country
- Contributed to elaboration and implementation of National Development Strategy (2007-2015) and Living Standards Improvement Strategy (2013-2015);
- The concept of Trust Fund Mechanism was introduced for channeling various resources (state and non-state) for addressing the local priorities. Within two years, this mechanism was adopted in Sughd region and Rasht Valley which resulted to mobilizing around US$4,5 million;
- Five platforms on Public and Private Dialogue were established in five districts of the country;
- Improved access to microcredits gave an opportunity to more than 160 000 (40% women) rural population to start-up their businesses;
- More than 1257 (53% women) rural unemployed population (youth, women and people with disability) attended vocational training;
- Assisted Ministry of Economic Development and Trade in introducing local development policies - District Development Programme’s methodology that led to empowerment of local authorities in designing and implementation of their district development priorities. Drafted Trade Development Plans for Soughd and Khatlon Regions;
- 42 districts out of 67 have elaborated their District Development Programmes;
Our valuable and trustworthy partners
Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, Ministry of Energy and Water Resources, Ministry of Finance, the Parliament, Committee on Environmental Protection, Committee for Women and Family, Committee on Emergency Situations, Committee on Local Development, Committee on Investments and State Property Management, Agency on Statistics, regional and district authorities, Chamber of Commerce and Industry, civil society, national and local business association, and international community. The CP also works closely with the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development of Afghanistan, UNDP Kyrgyzstan, and UNDP Afghanistan.
Delivery in previous fiscal year
US $ 9,402,829