Capacity Building for Disaster Risk Management in Tajikistan
Tajikistan is subject to a range of disasters, including earthquakes, floods, mudflows, avalanches, drought, and epidemics. Between 1997 and 2011, losses related to disasters exceeded $US 353 million. Given the impact of disasters on the lives of the population and the development of Tajikistan, UNDP Tajikistan has been supporting the Government of Tajikistan in building capacities to manage risks at the national and local levels since 2003. Key capacity building activities over the last decade have focused on information management and analysis, search and rescue, and improving and expanding disaster risk management training for government officials and in the education system.
To this aim, the Information Management and Analytical Centre (IMAC) of the Committee of Emergency Situations and Civil Defense (CoES) was officially established in August 2005, with UNDP’s support. The main tasks of the Center are to collate, analyze, and disseminate data on natural hazards, conduct risk assessments, develop and promote the use of disaster statistics and the overall improvement of disaster-related information management. The Center provides risk assessment services to the Government and external parties and develops hazard maps. Today IMAC is a self-sustained and well-established structure within CoES and the Government, playing a key role in improving the management of disaster-related information.
- Management of disaster-related information greatly improved by establishing the Information Management and Analytical Centre (IMAC) of the Committee of Emergency Situations and Civil Defense (CoES)
- Search and Rescue training facilities were built.
- 79 rescuers were trained in Urban Search and Rescue.
- More than 20 training modules on Natural Disaster were developed.
The nature of disasters in Tajikistan necessitates advanced local capacities to conduct search and rescue operations. UNDP Tajikistan managed a series of capacity building projects to build search and rescue (SAR) capacities. In 2010 and 2011, UNDP and the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) constructed a SAR training field and other training facilities in Dushanbe to enhance the practical training for rescuers. A training programme administered by MSB provided theoretical and practical training according to International Search and Rescue Advisory Group requirements. Five Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) trainings were held for a total of 79 rescuers. USAR equipment sets were provided to four regional and national SAR teams. Up to date, the rescuers are able to deploy swiftly to the disaster sites using the provided equipment and trainings.
Furthermore, UNDP Tajikistan with funding from SDC, has supported the CoES Training Center to modernize disaster management training for new CoES staff and for Government staff who are obliged to undertake basic and advanced courses in disaster management. In 2011, an introductory course on disaster management and an advanced course were developed, approved and piloted by CoES. Subsequently, UNDP Tajikistan supported the CoES Training Center in holding training courses for both CoES staff and other Government staff from national and local level.
“Together with the UNDP Disaster Risk Management Programme and with financial support from the donor agencies, all classrooms of the center have been rehabilitated. Today, the resource center and computer class are fully equipped with modern technology and more than 20 training modules on Natural Disasters developed, whereas, more than 20 trainers were trained at international level. The results achieved by the project helped us improve the level of experience which further helps up improve the level of knowledge of our trainees”, said the head of the Training Center Colonel Khurshed Gadoev.
In addition, as part of the efforts to improve training delivery, UNDP Tajikistan rehabilitated and reconstructed existing training facilities in Dushanbe and in key districts such as Kurgan-Tyube, Hissar, Rasht, Bobojon Ghafurov and many more. Auditoriums and classrooms have been rehabilitated and computers, other training equipment and furniture provided. The CoES Training Center is currently capable of training up to thirty trainees of its own staff and other government employees in basic and advanced disaster risk management using adapted training procedures and modern equipment.