Border Management in Central Asia (BOMCA)

What is the Programme about?

The overall objectives of the BOMCA Programme are to promote stability and security of Central Asian countries, to assist in their pursuit of sustainable economic development and poverty reduction and to facilitate closer regional cooperation both within Central Asia and between Central Asia and the EU. The EU Central Asian Strategy includes promotion of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals through the primary objective of poverty reduction with the complementary aims of promoting good governance and greater respect for human rights in a bid to ensure the stability and security of the countries in the region.

BOMCA provides technical assistance to Border Guards, Customs Service, Drug Control Agency and other agencies involved in border management in Tajikistan. The assistance mainly focused on enhancing capacity development, advocating institutional reform through implementation of National Border Strategy, strengthening counter-drugs capacities, modernization and upgrading of infrastructure, provision of specialized equipment and harmonization of training curriculum.   

Advice on capacity development covers various types of consultations on legal reforms and institutional frameworks, including presentation of European ‘best practices’ on the Integrated Border Management (IBM) for the leadership of all agencies involved.

BOMCA’s input for modernization and upgrading of infrastructure ensure smooth traffic at selected border crossing points located in trade corridors; introduce better living and working conditions of the personnel of border outposts’ located at the most vulnerable stretches of the Tajik-Afghan border. Construction of training facilities creates foundation for future improvement of institutional capacities.

Trainings delivered by BOMCA on various topics aim at the improvement of practical skills of officers and the presentation of modern IBM techniques and methods.

BOMCA activities are coordinated with efforts and contribution of other donors, consistent and complimentary to Tajik Government’s actions. Currently the 8th phase is implemented.

Accomplishments so far

In Tajikistan alone, the European Union (with additional funding from the Government of the United Kingdom) has constructed and fully equipped 3 Border Crossing Points in GBAO with adjacent local markets, built and fully equipped another one on the Tajik-Uzbek border in the North of the country, renovated/constructed 8 Border Outposts on the Tajik-Afghan border, constructed a Multi-Agency Dog Training Center in Dushanbe within DCA, set up 6 Drug Profiling Units at railway stations and airports, developed a Canine Unit in Khorogh, and has established a major Officer-Cadet College in Dushanbe. Basic training included: border control, profiling and search techniques, human rights and asylum rights, basic computer skills and language script recognition. Vehicles, HF radios, generators, drug detecting kits and IT equipment have been provided to the Border Force and Customs Service. Study tours have been arranged for senior personnel to learn about border management in the EU.

With BOMCA support Tajikistan’s Customs Service followed their counterparts from the State Customs Service of Kyrgyzstan, the first government agency, which signed the Cooperation Memorandum of Customs Training Institutions. 

BOMCA facilitated the establishment of institutional partnerships between the Customs Consortium and EU Border Management training institutions to jointly contribute to professional development of the Central Asian training institutions’ staff and students (via basic, advanced and continuous training) and jointly develop training curricula, training programmes and training materials. Twinning of Central Asian training institutes with their European counterparts is also envisaged. 

A number of regional workshops for members of customs agencies’ training institutions in Central Asia have been facilitated by BOMCA to identify the ways of further cooperation in training of Central Asian and EU customs personnel.

Current programme components

1: Institutional Reform aimed to Support the Central Asian countries to adopt and implement the principles and practices of European Integrated Border Management (IBM) approach in their border management strategies and implementation action plans.

2: Enhancing Professional Skills aimed to enhance professional skills of border control and inspection officers.

3: Strengthening Counter Drugs Capacities in Agencies Working at Borders targeted to enhancement of capacities for law enforcement officers in charge of fighting trafficking of illicit drugs across borders with the aim to support the interception of drugs and precursor chemicals.

4: Border Crossing Points and Border Outposts Improvement of working conditions and motivation of staff deployed at BCPs and BOs which were built under previous BOMCA and CADAP phases.

5: Horizontal Tasks set to Facilitation of stronger connection between the stakeholders, through the development of a Cooperation & Coordination Platform under the Programme.

Who finances it?

European Union and UNDP contribute 10% of total value.

Delivery in previous fiscal year

USD 717,115 (2013)

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