Malaria Elimination in Tajikistan for 2009-2014

What is the Programme about?

The overall goal of the project is to eliminate malaria infection through interruption of local malaria transmission. The malaria elimination project is a reflection on the successful implementation of the Round 5 malaria grant and it is in line with the regional malaria elimination strategy of WHO Europe which was endorsed by the governments of Central Asia in Tashkent in 2006. The project is aimed at consolidating the achieved results of the ongoing reduction of Malaria infection. The proposal will scale up existing efforts of the malaria surveillance system, the strengthening of National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) capacity, the improvement of early detection and effective treatment as well as the promotion of integrated vector control management. The total proposal sum for five years is €9,221,792.02. Out of this amount, €4,831,343.94 was approved for the first two years of the project (Phase 1). The general population in 41 project districts of the country will be targeted by the grant.

Main objectives:

  • To strengthen the capacity of the NCMP to support malaria control policy development, planning, management, partnership and coordination;
  • To strengthen the national surveillance system, including epidemic forecasting, early warning and response;
  • To improve the coverage and quality of early diagnosis and prompt treatment services in the country;
  • To promote interacted vector management based on indoor residual spraying, larvivorous fish, long lasting insecticidal nets (LLITNs) and environmental management; and
  • To provide the evidence required to allow appropriate and effective malaria elimination strategies through a program of needs-based operational research.
  • To expand Behavior Change Communication through the media and community mobilization strategy.

Accomplishments so far

  • Indoor residual spraying (IRS) is one of the anti-mosquito activities in the country.  IRS of alpacipermetrin insecticide is carried out in epidemiological unfavorable districts. Every year more than 85,000 households are covered by IRS in the country.
  • Gambusia fish distribution is one of the methods of mosquito larva control. Scientific research showed that gambusia fish distribution is one of the environmentally-friendly measures against mosquito larvae. Gambusia affinis is the widely spread fish that was sufficiently distributed in all stagnant ponds of Tajikistan.
  • Mosquito nets are another method of prevention of seasonal malaria transmission among population. Each year, over 100,000 mosquito nets distributed for the population of the pilot areas.
  • More than 3,374 medical staff have been trained, 310 laboratories have been equipped, computerized database has been implemented for analysis and planning of anti-mosquito control activities in 41 districts during the realization of National malaria Control Program in the Republic of Tajikistan for the period of 2011-2015.
  • Over the last ten years, Tajikistan gas achieved a remarkable success in malaria control initiatives by decreasing the number of malaria cases reported. Malaria reached its peak in 1997, when nearly 30 000 cases were registered. However, in the last seven years, the reported malaria cases have significantly reduced from 2,309 cases in 2005 to 33 in 2012.

Who finances it?

Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

Delivery in previous fiscal year

US $1,552,006.00

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